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Lesser Town – 3rd Prague district

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Lesser Town – 3rd Prague district

Lesser Town of Prague was founded on the green turf by King Premysl Otakar IIin 1257. The town was originally called New Town and has been designed on the concept of regular shape with a large rectangular square with a church in the middle of it and a rectangular grid of streets. Lesser Town was substantially extended during the reign of Emperor Charles IV.who had built new fortifications - Hunger WallThere is a legend that the wall was built because of  at that time high unemployment and hunger and thus ensured livelihoods for lot of people. However, this is only a rumor, the wall was first of all important as fortificationAt the same time, however, Karel IVfounded his own New Town and the name was changed totoday’s  Lesser Town of PragueIn 1541, Lesser Town was affected by great firewhich destroyed 133homes of total 211. Lesser Town substantially revived during the reign of Emperor Rudolf IIwho moved the imperial court to Prague. In the Lesser Town there were  built, due to its proximity to the Prague Castle), a lot of  palaces for nobility. During the Thirty Years War Swedish troops, who occupied the left bank of the Vltava river, ravaged the Lesser Town and plundered itAfter the war began Lesser Town to acquire the character ofa residential neighborhood with many Baroque aristocratic palaces, churches and monasteries in contrast tothe Old and New Townwhere primarily merchant houses and small craft houses remained. After the establishment of united Prague in 1784 Lesser Town became its III. district. Today Lesser Town is, together with the Castle district,  the best preserved historical unitwhich has maintained its original character and is used by many filmmakers from around the world as a unique film area.

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